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Tuesday, January 30 • 4:20pm - 4:40pm
SYMPOSIA-12: One Health and the Ecosystem Health Perspective

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AUTHORS. C. LeAnn White, USGS-National Wildlife Health Center

ABSTRACT. The concept of “One Health” recognizes that human, domestic animal, and wildlife health are interconnected and foundational components of ecosystem health. The philosophy emphasizes the necessity for interdisciplinary collaboration to address global health challenges. Despite this framework, in practice, One Health is frequently human or agricultural health-centric with attention on wildlife focused primarily on their ability to serve as pathogen reservoirs for human or agriculture and having the unintended implication that wildlife health has a lesser role in ecosystem health. Wildlife disease can have ecosystem-wide impacts, which often have indirect effects on ecosystem services through trophic or environmental cascades. For example, colony collapse disorder in bees reduces availability of pollinators for our crops. Reduced bat populations caused by white nose syndrome reduce natural pest control. Diseases of sea urchins have led to phase shifts in near-shore habitat and affect the local fisheries. Yet, discussions of these effects are often limited to audiences focused primarily on wildlife. As wildlife health professionals we need to broaden our story-telling to those examples that advocate for wildlife health issues beyond those with direct impacts to public health and agriculture. We should approach One Health discussions from the ecosystem health perspective, which has the greatest potential to encourage shared core values among the public, agriculture, and wildlife health communities and truly build the multidisciplinary partnerships needed to face future health challenges.  

Tuesday January 30, 2018 4:20pm - 4:40pm CST