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Tuesday, January 30 • 11:00am - 11:20am
UNGULATES: Do City Deer Really Live Differently Than Rural Deer?

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AUTHORS. Jonathan K. Trudeau, Michigan State University; Garrett B. Clevinger, Ball State University; Timothy C. Carter, Ball State University

ABSTRACT. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) have been extensively researched throughout their distribution and in varying habitat types. Interest in urban populations has grown due to increasing densities of white-tailed deer in these areas. Though much is known about each population separately, little is known about how these two populations interact with one another and how their space use and movement patterns vary within adjacent areas. Understanding the differences between urban and rural white-tailed deer movements in adjacent areas is essential to effectively manage the two populations. This study was conducted in three counties in southern Indiana: Morgan, Monroe, and Brown. Bloomington, Indiana was used as our urban study site. Using a drop net, dart projectors, suspended net-launcher, and modified clover traps we captured 41 rural and 45 urban adult white-tailed deer between January and July of 2015/2016. Of the 86 deer captured, 85 were fitted with Global Positioning System (GPS) collars (n=51) or with VHF radio transmitter collars (n=34). We estimated seasonal space use, survival, and movement rates. Urbanization was found to have no influence on the variation between seasonal space use, but was found to influence home range and core area size of females. We found urban females used less area than their rural counter parts, but we did not find this to be so for males. However, urban males were less likely to be observed on temporary excursion events than rural males. Survival was lowest during the fall breeding season for both urban and rural deer while females had higher survival than males during all seasons. This all shows that urbanity has varying influence on deer behavior. Sex of the deer may have a larger influence on deer behavior than urbanity.

Tuesday January 30, 2018 11:00am - 11:20am
103C

Attendees (3)