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Tuesday, January 30 • 6:00pm - 9:00pm
Poster Display. The Anthropogenic Effects on the Urban and Rural Coyote Diet

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AUTHORS: Emily Masterton

ABSTRACT: With the human population growing in Wisconsin, wildlife is more likely to encounter some type of anthropogenic waste. The more contact with anthropogenic waste can often lead to change in the diet of wildlife, including coyotes (Canis latrans). This study compared the amount of anthropogenic waste between four sites. The study believed it would find that urban coyotes are eating more anthropogenic waste compared to rural coyotes. This study also believed urban coyotes will have less of a diverse diet. The purpose of this study was to compare the diet of urban and rural coyotes to see how where they lived affected their diet. Scats were collected from two urban (Stevens Point, Wisconsin Rapids) and two rural (George W. Mead Wildlife Area, Buena Vista Prairie Chicken Meadow) sites. The scat was collected from footpaths, parks, dikes, roads, and bike trails, from September 2016 – March 2017. The content of the scat was then identified using keys and a reference collection. Results show rural coyotes had more of a diverse diet with a Shannon Wiener diversity of 1.799, while urban coyotes had a Shannon Wiener diversity of 1.479. There was a P value less than 0.05 between urban and rural for the diet items of vegetative, rodent, and deer. The number of scats collected was eighty-five. Contrary to the expectations, there were more traces of anthropogenic waste in the rural areas than the urban. This new data can help with future studies on coyote behavior and diet in urban areas. This can lead to a better understanding of how to manage coyotes in both urban areas.

Tuesday January 30, 2018 6:00pm - 9:00pm CST
Ballroom C & Foyer